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A-TOP 20% CREAM-15GRAM

A-TOP 20% CREAM-15GRAM

Composition:

AZELAIC ACID-20% W/W

Group Name:

ANTI-ACNE DRUGS

Manufacturer:

MARUTI PHARMA PVT. LTD.

Rs 372.00 / TUBE
Rs 400.00 7% off

Product Details

 

AZELAIC ACID:

Azelaic acid is a saturated dicarboxylic acid found naturally in wheat, rye, and barley. It is a natural substance that is produced by Malassezia furfur (also known as Pityrosporum ovale), a yeast that lives on normal skin. It is effective against a number of skin conditions, such as mild to moderate acne, when applied topically in a cream formulation of 20%. It works in part by stopping the growth of skin bacteria that cause acne, and by keeping skin pores clear. Azelaic acid's antimicrobial action may be attributable to inhibition of microbial cellular protein synthesis.

Indication

For the topical treatment of mild-to-moderate inflammatory acne vulgaris.

Associated Conditions

Associated Therapies

Pharmacodynamics

Azelaic acid is a saturated dicarboxylic acid found naturally in wheat, rye, and barley. It is a natural substance that is produced by Malassezia furfur (also known as Pityrosporum ovale), a yeast that lives on normal skin. It is effective against a number of skin conditions, such as mild to moderate acne, when applied topically in a cream formulation of 20%. It works in part by stopping the growth of skin bacteria that cause acne, and by keeping skin pores clear. Azelaic acid's antimicrobial action may be attributable to inhibition of microbial cellular protein synthesis.

Mechanism of action

The exact mechanism of action of azelaic acid is not known. It is thought that azelaic acid manifests its antibacterial effects by inhibiting the synthesis of cellular protein in anaerobic and aerobic bacteria, especially Staphylococcus epidermidis and Propionibacterium acnes. In aerobic bacteria, azelaic acid reversibly inhibits several oxidoreductive enzymes including tyrosinase, mitochondrial enzymes of the respiratory chain, thioredoxin reductase, 5-alpha-reductase, and DNA polymerases. In anaerobic bacteria, azelaic acid impedes glycolysis. Along with these actions, azelaic acid also improves acne vulgaris by normalizing the keratin process and decreasing microcomedo formation. Azelaic acid may be effective against both inflamed and noninflamed lesions. Specifically, azelaic acid reduces the thickness of the stratum corneum, shrinks keratohyalin granules by reducing the amount and distribution of filaggrin (a component of keratohyalin) in epidermal layers, and lowers the number of keratohyalin granules.

Absorption

Approximately 4% of the topically applied azelaic acid is systemically absorbed.

Metabolism

 

Mainly excreted unchanged in the urine but undergoes some b-oxidation to shorter chain dicarboxylic acids.

 

Route of elimination

Azelaic acid is mainly excreted unchanged in the urine, but undergoes some ß-oxidation to shorter chain dicarboxylic acids.

Half life

The observed half-lives in healthy subjects are approximately 45 minutes after oral dosing and 12 hours after topical dosing, indicating percutaneous absorption rate-limited kinetics.

 

SOURCE: DRUGBANK

Substitutes
EZIDERMA CREAM 15G.

EZIDERMA CREAM 15G. 7% off

Manufacturer: TRUE DERMA

Rs 379.43 / TUBE
Rs 407.99
+977 9851149866 +977 9851149866 +977 9851149866

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